Governor General of India
Warren Hastings Plan 1772 – 1785 :
- Brought the Dual Govt, of Bengal to an end by the Regulating Act, 1773.
- The First Anglo – Maratha War (1767 – 69), which ended with the Treaty of Salbai (1782), and the Second Anglo – Mysore War (1780 – 84), which ended with the Treaty of Mangalore (1784), were fought during Hasting’s period.
Lord Cornwallis India (1786 – 1793) :
- Did the Permanent Settlement of Bengal (also called Zamindary System).
- The civil service was brought into existence.
Lord Wellesley in India (1798 – 1805) :
- Adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance a system to keep the Indian rulers under control and to make the British the paramount power.
- He defeated the Mysore force under Tipu Sultan in the Fourth Anglo – Mysore War in 1799.
George Barlow (1805 – 1807)
Lord Minto I Governor General of India (1807 – 1813) :
- Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1809). Charter Act of 1813 was passed.
Lord Hasting India (1813 – 1823) :
- The Anglo-Nepal War (1814 – 16) was fought during his reign which ended with the Treaty of Sagauli (1816).
Lord Amherst (1823 – 1828)
Lord William Bentinck History (1828-1835)
- Carried out the social reforms like Prohibition of Sari (1829) and elimination of thugs (1830).
- Made English the medium of higher education in the country (After the recommendations of Macaulay
- Charter Act of 1833 was passed; made him the first Governor General of India.
Sir Charles Mercalfe History (1835 – 1836) :Abolished all restrictions on vernacular press (called Liberator of the Press).
Lord Auckland 1842 (1836 – 1842)
- The most important event of his reign was the First Afghan War, which proved to be a disaster for the English.
Lord Ellenborough (1842 – 1844)
Lord Hardinge I (1844 – 1848)
Lord Dalhousie Reforms (1848 – 1856) :
- Opened the first Indian Railway in 1853 (from Bombay to Thane).
- Laid out the telegraph lines in 1853 (First was from Calcutta to Agra).
- Introduced the Doctrine of Lapse and captured Satara (1848), Jaipur and Sambhalpur (1849), Udaipur (1852), Jhansi (1854) and Nagpur (1854) through it.
- Established the postal system on the modern lines through the length and breadth of the country, which made communication easier.