Saturday, 10 June 2017

 Deserts of the World



Desert: A desert is a barren area of land where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life in desert their is less precipitation
1. Continent: Antarctica
  • Desert Name: Antartic
2. Continent: Asia, Europe, North america:
  • Desert Name: Arctic desert
3. Continent: Asia
  • Desert Name: Karakorum, Thar desert, Kyzyl Kum, Taklamakan
4. Continent: Africa
  • Desert Name: Kalahari, Namib, Sahara,
5. Continent: Australia
  • Desert Name: Gibson, Great Sandy, Great Victoria, Simpson, Tanami
6. Continent: Europe
  • Desert Name: Arabian, Dasht-e Kavir, Dasht-e Lut
7. Continent: North America
  • Desert Name: Great Basin, Mojave, Sonoran
8. Continent: South America
  • Desert Name: Atacama, Patagonian

Important Points to be remember about Important desert of the world

Desert name: Antartic
  • Largest desert in the world
  • Largest cold desert in the world
  • Present in south pole
  • Area: 1,38,29,430 square km
  • Type: polar
Desert name: Arctic desert
  • Second largest desert in the world
  • Area: 1,37,26,937 square km
  • Type: polar
  • Present in south pole
Desert name: Gobi
  • Present in asia
  • Area: 1,300,000 square km
  • Cold winter desert
Desert name: Sahara
  • Largest hot desert
  • Present in africa
  • Subtropical deseert
  • 94,00,000 square km
Desert name: Atacama
  • The Driest Desert on the Earth
  • Area: 1,40,000 square km
  • Present in Chile
  • Type: Cool Coastal
Desert name: Great Basin
  • Type: Cold Winter
  • Present in US
  • Area: 4,92,000 square km
Types of Question Can be asked in SSC & Other competitive Exam
  1. Which is the largest desert of the world: Antarctica desert
  2. Which is the largest cold desert in the world: Antarctica desert
  3. Which is the largest hot desert of the world: Sahara desert
  4. Which is the largest desert of India: Thar desert
  5. Which is the largest driest desert of the world: Atacama desert (present in chile in south america)
  6. Which is the second largest desert of the world: Arctic desert
  7. Where is Taklamakan desert: china

Friday, 9 June 2017

 Indian Defence 


Major Point: 
  • The Supreme Commander of all Indian Forces is the President of India.
  • The whole administrative control of the Armed forces lies in the Ministry of Defence
  • The Defence Minister (Raksha Mantri) is responsible to Parliament for all matters concerning defence of the country.
  • Indian defence system has been divided into three services -
    1. Army
    2. Air Force
    3. Navy
Some important points/ Information on above three defence services:-
1. Indian Army: The Indian Army is organized into seven commands:

S. No. Command
HQ Location
1.
Western Command
Chandimadir, Punjab
2.
Eastern Command
Kolkata
3.
Northern Command
Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir
4.
Southern Command
Pune
5.
Central Command
Lucknow
6.
Army Training Command
Mhow, Madhya Pradesh
7.
South Western Command
Jaipur
2. Indian Air Force: Indian Air Force  is organised into seven commands

S. No. Command
HQ Location
1.
Western Command
New Delhi
2.
Eastern Command
Shillong
3.
Southern Command
Tiruvananthpuram
4.
Central Command
Allahabad
5.
Training Command
Bangalore
6.
South Western Command
Gandhi Nagar
7.
Maintenance Command
Nagpur
3. Indian Navy: Indian Navy is organised into following commands


S. No. Command
HQ Location
1.
Western Command
Mumbai
2.
Eastern Command
Vishakhapatnam
3.
Southern Command
Kochi
4. Indian Coast Guard

The Coast Guard is headed by a Director General. It headquarters is based in the Capital, New Delhi. It has
  • 3 Regional headquarters at Mumbai, Chennai and Port Blair
  • 1 District Headquarters in each of the nine coastal states and 2 in the Union territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep Islands.
  • 4 Coast Guard Stations, one each at Vadinar, Okha, Tuticorin and Mandapam.
  • It also has aerodromes in Daman and Chennai
  • Air Enclaves at Goa, Kolkata and Port Blair.
5. Ranks of commissioned Officers

Rank of Commissioned Officers
Army
Air Force
Navy
General
Air Chief Marshal
Admiral
Lt. General
Air Marshal
Vice Admiral
Major General
Air Vice marshal
Rear Admiral
Brigadier
Air Commodore
Commodore
Colonel
Group Captain
Captain
Lt. Colonel
Wing Commander
Commander
Major
Squadron Leader
Lt Commander
Captain
Flight Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Lieutenant
Flying Officer
Sub- Lieutenant


Thursday, 8 June 2017


  Spelling Correction in English Grammar SSC CGL 2017


 Exam Number of questions Marks
SSC CGL 2017 Tier 1 2-3 4-6 marks
SSC CPO 2017 Tier 1 5 5 marks
SSC CHSL Tier 1 2-3 4-6 marks
SSC MTS 5 5 marks
You have to practice previous yearly asked Spelling Error questions and you will easily get 4-5 marks.

10 Golden Rules on Spelling Correction in English Grammar

Rule 1:  When the suffix “full” is added to a word, one “ I” is removed.
Eg-
  • Faith + full = faithful
  • Use + full= useful
Rule 2: If the word to which the suffix “full” is added ends in “ll”, one “I” is removed from the word also.
Eg:
  • Skill +full = skilful
  • Will + full= wilful
Rule 3:  Words of two or three syllables ending in single vowel + single consonant double the final consonant if the last syllable is stressed. Eg-
  •  Permit + ed = permitted
  • Occur + ing =occurring
  • Control + ed =controlled
  • Begin + ing = beginning
Rule 4: Consonant ‘L’ is doubled in the words ending in single vowel + “I” before a suffix beginning with a vowel eg.
  • Signal + ing = signalling
  • Repel + ent = repellent
  • Quarrel + ed = quarrelled
  • Travel + er = traveller
Rule 5: Words ending in silent “e”, drop the “e” before a suffix beginning with a vowel eg.
  • Hope + ing = hoping
  • Live + ed = lived
  • Drive + er = driver
  • Tire + ing= tiring
Rule 6: If the suffix begins with a consonant “e” is not dropped e.g
  • Hope + full = hopeful
  • Sincere + ly= sincerely
But,
  • True + ly = truly
  • Nine + th = ninth
  • Argue + ment = argument
Rule 7:  A final “y” following a consonant changes to “i” before a suffix except “ing”. Eg.
  • Carry + ed = carried
  • Happy + ly = happily
  • Marry + age = marriage
  • Beauty + full = beautiful
But,
  • Marry + ing = marrying
  • Carry + ing = carrying
Rule 8:  A final “y” following a vowel does not change before a suffix. Eg:
  • Obey + ed = obeyed
  • Play + er = player
  • Pray + ed= prayed
Rule 9: When the suffix “ous” is added to a word ending in “ce”, “e” is changed to “i”.
Eg:  
  • Space + ous= spacious
  • Vice + ous= vicious
  • Malice + ous = malicious
  • Grace + ous= gracious
Rule 10: When the suffix “ing” is added to a word ending in “ie”, “ie” is changed to “y”.
Eg;
  • Lie + ing= lying
  • Die + ing = dying
  • Tie + ing= tying

Tuesday, 6 June 2017

SSC CGL Tier 1 Two Month Study Plan

SSC CGL is one of the most sought after exam in India and is immensely famous among-st the aspirants across the nation. This makes it tougher than other competitive exams as the competition is fierce and minimum criteria of graduation makes it a mix of students from every stream to fight for their dream job.
SSC CGL Exam 2017 is approaching and it is the right time to fasten your seat belts. This is a very crucial time for every candidate who are going to appear this Exam. We are sure you would be looking for useful advice for your preparation.
As everybody knows the exam is tough and so as the competition. Every year, lakhs of graduates apply for this exam but only a fraction of them were able to qualify it. It might be difficult to plan and make a strategy that helps you to sail through it smoothly. Therefore, to help you in the otherwise daunting task, here are some tips and tricks that you can go through to crack SSC CGL 2017 Tier I Exam.
Here we have a two month study plan for preparation of the SSC CGL Tier I 2017 Exam
First, let’s discuss the Pattern of SSC CGL Exam
SSC Graduate Level exam comprises Two stages:
  • Tier - I Exam
  • Tier - II Exam
The weight age of Tier - I and Tier - II exams is 200 Marks and 400 Marks respectively.
Today we are going to discuss about Tier - I Exam which includes four sections i.e.
  • It should be noted by candidates is that there is Negative Marking of 0.50 Marks in this Exam. So plan for exam is according to the pattern & syllabus of SSC.
  • Remember that there is no Section wise Cut Off in this Exam.
In these examinations, it must be noted that Mathematics and English Language sections are pretty important and should be paid special attention too. The other two sections, i.e. Reasoning and General Awareness are the scoring sections in the Tier I exam, and thereby should in no way be ignored.
  • For all the sections, especially, the General Awareness section, it is important to focus on topics rather than subjects or areas.
  • Do not compromise with your practice time.
  • Revise and analyse your preparation.
  • In the exam, attempt the section that you are comfortable and confident with first.
A minimum of 10 hours should be put in daily for the preparation of the SSC CGL Tier I Exam.
Daily Section-wise Allocation:
<img src="SSCCGLExam.jpg" alt="SSC CGL Tier I Exam">

SSC CGL Tier I Section-wise Preparation Strategy

Reasoning
This section tests your problem solving skills and ability. Solving these problems require quick and logical thinking, and strategy making skills.
The only way to prepare well for this section is practice. Daily and dedicated practice of problems relevant to the topics is the only key here. You can also expect problems related to non-verbal reasoning.
Mathematics
For this section, you will need to focus on Algebra, Geometry, Coordinate Geometry, Trigonometry and Mensuration.
English Language
For the English Language section, you will need to really brush up on your knowledge of English Grammar. Fluency in Spoken English will be of little importance for this exam, as compared to knowledge in English Grammar.
To prepare for this section, develop the habit of reading a lot. Read English newspapers daily, and some good English works, magazines, editorials, etc. Reading regularly will improve your vocabulary, your reading speed, your ability to grasp & understand the language, and your grammar.
General Awareness
Like mentioned already, for this section, keep your focus on important topics, and not on the entire subjects or areas.
Area wise time allocation -
<img src="ssccgl.jpg" alt="SSC CGL 2015 Tier I Exam">

Area wise important topics:

History
SSC
Geography
SSC1
Polity
SSC2

SSC CGL Tier I Two Month Study Plan

Day 1 - 15
A
Day 16 - 30
B
Day 31-45
SSC3

Important Points to remember

  • Focus on Important Topics: List down Important Topics and make sure you study those topics and practice lot of questions.
  • Work on your weak Areas: It is very easy to go along well with your strong areas, but it is the best to work on your weaker areas and give it your best shot. Practice on the weak areas so that it is easy in the examination to solve them more easily.
  • Go Through Previous Year Question Papers:This will help candidates to have an idea of the examination pattern. Aspirants should practice the papers during the revision time so that they can know the time limit and can practice weak areas.
  • Practice is the ultimate way to succeed: The Final thing you should do is practice more and more. The more you practice the more you develop the understanding. So practice the mock papers available at the official website, sample papers and the best source is the old year’s papers.
  • Don’t Overburden Yourself: It is important not to overburden yourself while preparing for the examination. This is most important requirement for maintaining focus and concentration.
The time has come to tighten up your seat-belt as the syllabus is huge and time in hand is very less.  So start preparing from today itself because “Your future is created by what you do today, NOT TOMORROW.”
Trust yourself, on your abilities and on your strength. Be always self motivated whatever the situation may be. Never lose your hope. Trust on your hard work: one day you will surely achieve your goal

Monday, 24 April 2017

Tips to Crack English Section in SBI PO 2017


The syllabus for English Section:

1)   Reading Comprehension
2)   Cloze Test
3)   Fill in the Blanks
4)   Jumbled Sentence
5)   Error Spotting

Pre exam preparation for Comprehension:

·        Read English Newspaper daily, especially Editorial, National, Business and Banking columns.
·        You can figure out banking, financial terminologies and the scenario of banking operations.
·        Make notes of important words.
·        Read passage as fast as possible it will enhance you fast reading flawlessly.

Cloze Test:

·        Read the whole passage completely then you know the theme of the passage.
·        See the options in which all the words meaning are known to you then check does it suits in blank.
·        You have to consider the word which should concord subject verb agreement.
            ·        More Practising will help you to choose the words quickly.
 

Concept:

Cloze test is an extensive variation of the sentence completion test. Candidates are required to make a choice from multiple alternatives for each word blanked out, not in a sentence but in a passage. Thus this test evaluates the candidate’s vocabulary power and his ability to judge the overall meaning of a passage even when some words are missing.

Practical Tip:

A passage consists of sentences which are logically related to one another. Therefore, first of all, read the whole passage, get a rough idea of its contents and keep them in your mind as a background. Concentrate on this background to find clues. Use the following tips as well.
1.     If you know the answer, immediately tick it. NO technique is to be adopted. The whole process will work in a flash.
2.    When you are not sure of the answer, make the right choice through the process of elimination.
Elimination Technique à Alternatives à Step-1 (Structure) à Step-2 (Meaning) à Step-3 à Common Usage and Nuances à Step-4 (Clues) à Step-5 (Reasoning) à Target or Correct Choice
Step 1: Judge if any of them does not fit into the structure (eliminate).
Step 2: Judge if any of them does not fit in with the meaning (eliminate).
Step 3: Among/ between the remaining apply your awareness of the common usage or nuances of words.
Step 4: Try to find out a clue in the sentence or in a sentence preceding or succeeding it. Sometimes
The clue is hidden many sentences away.
Step 5: If the final choice has not been reached even now, apply the method of reasoning to hit the target.

Fill in the blanks:

·        Consider the words list in the options and select the suitable one which makes the sentence meaningful.
·        Even if you find out one word then you can easily sort out another one. Depends on the theme of the sentence you should took the word even though, the options might have same meaning. This only relies on the practice.

Tips to Answer “Fill in the Blank” Questions in English Section:

Step 1: Initially, read the sentence carefully and try to fill the missing word without looking the given options.
Step 2: Then, check the options given below and find the best word which replaces the word that you had thought initially.
Step 3: Insert the word that you have chosen from the option and read the sentence again. Check that the word you have inserted in the blank, enables you to read the sentence correctly and smoothly and also check whether it gives you proper meaning.
Step 4: After filling all the blanks, once again read the sentence and make sure that there are no grammatical error in the sentence.

Important Points to Remember:

·        Fill in the Blanks is one of the most important questions in the English Section, from which you can score more marks easily. To answer these questions, you must have very good English Vocabulary.

Important thing is to understand the meaning of the sentence properly; if you have understood the question properly you can also get some clues from the questions, which will help you to choose the answer correctly. So read the sentence very carefully
                  Don’t forget to note the Grammar Clues, in the given sentence there will be      some hidden grammar clues by using those clues you can easily identify the          answer. For example, if the article “an” comes before the blank means, the answer must begin with a vowel.
·        While reading the sentence you need to think logically and recognize the correct word which will give proper meaning for that sentence.
·        When you read the sentence and option in the question, try to find the nature of the missing word, whether the missing word implies positive or negative meaning, and this will help you to identify the correct word in the option.
·        Each question consists of two blanks, compare the both words given in the option and eliminate the option which not suits for the both blanks.
·        Some questions may ask from the Idioms and Phrase, you must be prepared to face those types of questions. So you should have good knowledge in the Idioms and Phrases also.

Jumbled Sentence:

·        In Jumble Sentence, you have to connect each sentence sequentially.
·        Co-relating each sentence and understand each sentence’s view point. Make it a story by arranging all sentences. Choose the option accordingly.

REARRANGEMENT OF JUMBLED SENTENCES


In these types of questions, the candidate is given a set of five or six sentences which are in jumbled order. The given sentences should be arranged properly to form a meaningful paragraph and answer the questions based on the sequence formed.

Directions:

Read the following statements to decide their sequence to make a meaningful passage and then answer the questions given below them

Question:

A.   Therefore large scale construction programme that can be affordable at reasonable cost has to be launched.
B.   Construction has not kept with it and the shortage of accommodation has been accentuated.
C.   But high cost of materials and labour makes housing an unprofitable proposition.
D.   The census figures show that the population of our cities has increased immensely in the recent years.
E.   This shortage must be overcome in a reasonably short time.

1).Which of the following should be the FIRST sentence?
a)    A
b)    B
c)    C
d)    D
e)    E
2).Which of the following should be the SECOND sentence?
a)    E
b)    A
c)    B
d)    C
e)    D
3).Which of the following should be the LAST sentence?
a)    D
b)    E
c)    A
d)    B
e)    C
4).Which of the following should be the THIRD sentence?
a)    E
b)    D
c)    C
d)    A
e)    B
5).Which of the following should be the FOURTH sentence?
a)    B
b)    C
c)    D
d)    E
e)    A

Important Tips to Rearrange the Above Sentences:


Hint 1: Try to find out the topic addressed by the paragraph. This can be done by looking for the words that are repeated often in the given sentences
·         Here, the word repeated is construction and the topic addressed is construction of houses

Hint 2: If a sentence starts with the words ‘That’, ‘These’, ‘Thus’, ‘Those’ and ‘But’, then those sentences will not come as the 1st sentence in the paragraph

Hint 3: If a sentence starts with the words Hence, Finally or Therefore then that sentence comes last in the arrangement
·         Now, sentence (A) can be the last sentence of the arrangement (it can be confirmed after analyzing the rest of the sentences)
·         So the sentences (A), (C) and (E) cannot be the 1st sentence of the arrangement
·         This leaves sentences (B) and (D), where any one of them can be the 1st sentence

Hint 4: In sentence (B), the pronoun it is used. The word that denotes the ‘it’ will be in the previous sentence.
·         So, (B) cannot be the 1st sentence.
·         That leaves sentence (D) as the only option for 1st sentence.
·         This can further be confirmed by the following point.

Hint 5: If an article namely ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ is present at the starting of a sentence. Then the chances of that sentence to be the 1st in the arrangement is more

FIRST SENTENCE – (D) The census figures show that the population of our cities has increased immensely in the recent years.
·         Now considering the sentence (B), Construction is compared with the word referred by the pronoun it.
·         After reading all the sentences it can be concluded that it denotes the increase in population mentioned in (D)
·         So, (B) follows (D)

Hence, SECOND SENTENCE – (B) Construction has not kept with it and the shortage of accommodation has been accentuated.
·         Now sentence (E) starts with the pronoun This followed by the word shortage.
·         Search for the word shortage in the other sentences.
·         It can be found in sentence (B), which implies that (E) follows (B)

So, THIRD SENTENCE – (E) This shortage must be overcome in a reasonably short time.
·         By reading the remaining 2 sentences (A) and (C), we can see that sentence (A) provides a solution to the problem mentioned in (C)
·         So, (A) follows (C)
·         Already, according to Hint 3, (A) is the tentative last sentence of the arrangement.

Therefore, LAST or FIFTH SENTENCE – (A) Therefore large scale construction programme that can be affordable at reasonable cost has to be launched.

Which leaves, FOURTH SENTENCE - (C) But high cost of materials and labour makes housing an unprofitable proposition.

Answers:

The final arrangement is as follows
FIRST SENTENCE – (D) The census figures show that the population of our cities has increased immensely in the recent years.
SECOND SENTENCE – (B) Construction has not kept with it and the shortage of accommodation has been accentuated.
THIRD SENTENCE – (E) This shortage must be overcome in a reasonably short time.
FOURTH SENTENCE - (C) But high cost of materials and labour makes housing an unprofitable proposition.
LAST or FIFTH SENTENCE – (A) Therefore large scale construction programme that can be affordable at reasonable cost has to be launched.
Answers from questions 1 – 5 are as follows
1). D 2). C 3). C 4). A 5). B  

Error Spotting:

·        Read the sentence carefully and try to translate in your mother tongue. If you understand the sentence without struck then there is no error in that sentence.
·        Check whether any misspelt word which gives different meaning or not. If it gives different sense then there might be error in that part.
·        Then check grammatical errors like subject verb agreement, Tense, preposition, etc...
·        Then find, is there any inversion in sentence.
·        Practice well and read sentence twice or thrice to interpret its meaning.
 

About Error Spotting:

·         It is natural to every people, who make errors commonly.
·         Most of the errors are by cross-association, and while we learning English the mistakes made by people are unavoidable
·         Spotting error is a common test and forms of almost all the important examinations.
·         Spotting Errors brings an awareness of the basic rule of grammar, Parts of speech, noun, pronoun, adjective, adverb, and preposition.
·         There are also many practical tips to make the sentence to be correct without errors
·         The most heartening thing is that there is no error that is not to be removed
·         The errors committed by people got the reason that, we forget the correct grammar, or carelessness.
·         The best guarantee of avoiding mistake is to be use the correct part of English.