Sunday, 5 February 2017

Important names and formula for Chemical Compounds

Common Names and Formulas of Important Chemical Compounds

Chemical formulas provide a lot of information about chemical substances, such as how many and what atoms they are made of, as well as the way the atoms are arranged.
A compound is a substance made up of a definite proportion of two or more elements. A chemical formula tells us the number of atoms of each element in a compound. It contains the symbols of the atoms of the elements present in the compound, as well as how many there are for each element in the form of subscripts. Below are a few examples of a few compounds and what their chemical formulas are:
1. Common Names: Baking Powder
Chemical Compounds: Sodium Bicarbonate
Chemical Formula: NaHCO3
2. Common Names: Blue Vitriol
Chemical Compounds: Copper Sulphate
Chemical Formula: CuSO4.5H2O
3. Common Names: Bleaching Powder
Chemical Compounds: Calcium Oxychloride
Chemical Formula: CaOCL2
4. Common Names: Chloroform
Chemical Compounds: Trichloro Methane
Chemical Formula: CHCl3
5. Common Names: Chalk (Marble)
Chemical Compounds: Calcium Carbonate
Chemical Formula: CaCo3
6. Common Names: Caustic Potash
Chemical Compounds: Potassium Hydroxide
Chemical Formula: KOH
7. Common Names: Caustic Soda
Chemical Compounds: Sodium Hydroxide
Chemical Formula: NaOH
8. Common Names: Dry Ice
Chemical Compounds: Solid Carbondioxide
Chemical Formula: CO2
9. Common Names: Epsom
Chemical Compounds: Magnesium Sulphate
Chemical Formula: MgSo4
10. Common Names: Gypsum
Chemical Compounds: Calcium Sulphate
Chemical Formula: CaSo4
11. Common Names: Green Vitriol
Chemical Compounds: Ferrous Sulphate
Chemical Formula: FeSo4
12. Common Names: Heavy Water
Chemical Compounds: Deuterium Oxide
Chemical Formula: D2O
13. Common Names: Vinegar
Chemical Compounds: Acetic Acid
Chemical Formula: CH3COOH
14. Common Names: Washing Soda
Chemical Compounds: Sodium Carbonate
Chemical Formula: Na2CO3
15. Common Names: Slaked Lime
Chemical Compounds: Calcium Hydroxide
Chemical Formula: Ca(OH)2
16. Common Names: Potash Alum
Chemical Compounds: Potassium Aluminium Sulphate
Chemical Formula: KALSO4
17. Common Names: Quick Lime
Chemical Compounds: Calcium Oxide
Chemical Formula: CaO
18. Common Names: Plaster of Paris
Chemical Compounds: Calcium Sulphate
Chemical Formula: CaSO42H2O
19. Common Names: Mohr's Salt
Chemical Compounds: Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate
Chemical Formula: FeSO4(NH4)2SO4.6H2O
20. Common Names: White Vitriol
Chemical Compounds: Zinc Sulphate
Chemical Formula: ZnSo4.7H2O
21. Common Names: Marsh Gas
Chemical Compounds: Methane
Chemical Formula: CH4
22. Common Names: Magnesia
Chemical Compounds: Magnesium Oxide
Chemical Formula: MgO
23. Common Names: Laughing Gas
Chemical Compounds: Nitrous Oxide
Chemical Formula: N2O
24. Common Names: Vermelium
Chemical Compounds: Mercuric Sulphide
Chemical Formula: HgS
25. Common Names: Sugar
Chemical Compounds: Sucrose
Chemical Formula: C12H22O11
26. Common Names: T.N.T.
Chemical Compounds: Trinitrotoluene
Chemical Formula: C7H5N3O6
27. Common Names: Sand
Chemical Compounds: Silicon Oxide
Chemical Formula: SiO2